Case Study – Project Portfolio Management Failures – The New Ashgabat Airport


On September 17th, 2016 the president of Turkmenistan Kurbanguly Berdymukhamedov has officially opened a new US$ 2.3 billion dollar ultra-modern Ashgabat International Airport shaped in a form of a falcon (see video below). The entire complex is comprised of 190 buildings spread on a 1,200-hectare site. The airport is designed to handle up to 17 million passengers (remember that number!) combined with 200,000 tons of cargo every year.


At the opening ceremony the president claimed that Turkmenistan has “all the opportunities to become a transport bridge facilitating economic cooperation between Europe, the Asia-Pacific region, and South Asia.” He also added that the new airport was needed to accommodate a massive influx of tourists eager to visit Turkmenistan.

The official position of Turkmenistan, is understandable since the country’s income have heavily depended on the export of natural gas. As a result of plunging energy prices and foreign currency shortages the government is now forced to develop the tourism and transportation sectors of the economy.

The Problems

There is however an array of problems associated with the new Turkmen initiative. For starters, due to very restrictive visa regulations the country has been visited by anywhere between 7,000 (if you choose to believe World Bank) and 100,000 tourists (if you prefer to rely on official Turkmen government reports). For comparison neighboring Kazakhstan had 4.5 million visitors, while Kyrgyzstan saw more than 2.8 million tourists in 2014.

Here is an additional compilation of facts about Turkmenistan if you are planning to visit that country any time soon:

  • Turkmenistan Airlines’ air tickets for flights are not sold over the Internet. They promised to initiate that program by 2015 but failed to do so.
  • Turkmen entry visa is one of the most expensive one in the world, and it is almost impossible to obtain it.
  • You can’t rent a car in Ashgabat.
  • You can’t walk with camera around the city and, God forbid, you decide to take pictures of the government buildings.
  • Internet access is limited and all of the popular social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Viber and others are blocked
  • Democracy index – 162nd place out of 167
  • Press Freedom – 178th place out of 180

On the bright side, Ashgabat holds a Guinness World Record for the highest density of white marble-clad buildings as well as the largest indoor Ferris wheel.

So far the official Ashgabat has not undertaken any steps to either address the tourism-related problems outlined above or initiate any trade deals to attract any transportation companies.

In your opinion, why do you think Turkmenistan built this airport?

  1. It is probably a pet project of the president
  2. It is yet another project that would enable massive kickbacks for the government officials
  3. It is simply an unwise investment decision
  4. All of the above
  5. Well, they will probably follow up with a strategic plan on how to attract visitors and cargo

Please leave your comments below.